Fifth-Generation Computers ( 1990 and Beyond)

Scientists are now at work on the fifth-generation of computers. this is still not a reality, but recent engineering advances have made it possible for computers to be able to accept spoken words (voice recognition) and inmate human reasoning. There-fore they are thought to have Artificial Intelligence. The ability to translate a foreign language is also moderately possible with fifth-generation computers.
The term fifth generation was intended to convey the system as being a leap beyond existing machines. Computers using vacuum tubes were called the first generation; transistors and diodes, the second; integrated circuits, the third; and those using microprocessors, the fourth. Whereas previous computer generations had focused on increasing the number of logic elements in a single CPU, the fifth generation, it was widely believed at the time, would instead turn to massive numbers of CPUs for added performance. The project was to create the computer over a ten year period, after which it was considered ended and investment in a new, Sixth Generation project, began. Opinions about its outcome are divided: Either it was a failure, or it was ahead of its time.

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